derives its name from the city of Jammu which besides being the winter capital of the state, is known as the city of temples.
It is believed that the city was originally founded by Raja Jamboo Lochan who lived in fourteenth century B.C. The Raja had gone out one day for hunting when he happened to witness a tiger and a goat drinking water from one and the same pond. This extraordinary phenomenon set him thinking and he decided to build a city at this site so that the strong and weak could live together in peace and mutual tolerance.
Eventually, he founded the city which came to be known as "Jamboo"
after his own name. With the passage of time and due to its frequent use the pronunciation of the name got slightly distorted and the city, came to be known as 'Jammu' as it is called now
Jammu is situated on a hillock, on the bank of river Tawi
and is bound by Udhampur district in the north and northeast , Kathua district in the east and southeast, Pakistan (Sialkote) in west and Rajauri district and POK (Bhimber) in the northwest.Its
skyline was once dotted with glittering spires of temples.
These spikes are no longer visible as most of these are hidden behind multi storyed buildings. The city has numerous shrines for Muslims, Sikhs & Christians
also. Jammu also serves as base camp for the holy shrine of Vaishno Devi.
Jammu is also the Railhead of the state.
It is approximately 600 Kms away from National Capital, New Delhi and is linked with a National Highway.
The temperature varies from cold in winter with minimum temperature touching even
0.9 degree Centigrade to heat wave in summers when the temperature shoots upto 46 degree centigrade. Jammu is largest populated District of the state and second largest in terms of population density and falls under the category 'B'. The literacy percentage of the District is 77% in as per 2001 census which was highest in the state.
Jammu is divided into 5 tehsils , 11 blocks 13 towns including
one municipality 1192 villages and 201 panchayats
including 41 command areas. This
District is having a National Airport situated at Satwari. This District serves
as the Winter Capital of J & K state from November to April
when all the offices move from Srinagar to Jammu.
Places of Interest:
Jammu district is spread over an area of 3097 km² and
has a population of 1,588,772 at the Census of 2001. Hindus are 1,366,711, Sikhs 117,490, Muslims 90,272 (5.68%).
It is the largest populated district of the state and second largest
in terms of population density and falls under the category 'B'. The literacy
percentage of the district is 42.86% in as per 1981 census which was highest in the state.
Official Language of Jammu is Dogri. Other languages spoken are
Hindi, Punjabi, English and Urdu. Food
Jammu is nationally and internationally famous for its Rajma Chawal which is Red Kidney Beans and Rice.
Weather and Tourism:
Jammu's altitude ranges from 300 meters to 4200 meters. Due to extreme whether in summers and winters it is also known as the City of Rocks.